In 2016 AWWA published the latest edition of its C900 standard for PVC pipe. C900-16 is more complicated than most standards, primarily because it has absorbed the large-diameter sizes previously found in the C905 standard. To help with the transition from two standards in the past to one standard now, the PVCPA has written a 20-page explanatory guide.
Guide for PVC sewer force mains uses recently developed method for cyclic-fatigue design.
Assists engineers to determine PVC pipe wall thickness using expected design values for working pressure, surge pressures (both occasional and recurring) and hydrostatic test pressure based on pipe size and OD regimen.
Online calculator for PVC sewer force mains uses project parameters to calculate expected cyclic life and determine the appropriate DR for projects. Multiple surge events can be added, which the calculator can easily combine to provide resulting cyclic life. Up to four surge events can be included.
This technical report examines head loss and pumping costs over 100-years for PVC and ductile iron pipe.
PVC Pressure Pipe Standards used in force mains are summarized.
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