Welcome to John’s Blog. Answers to frequently asked questions are periodically posted here. The objective is to share information about PVC pipe with readers as well as with utilities, design engineers and pipe installers. The blog provides the latest information on PVC pipe design, installation, and application for water and wastewater infrastructure projects.
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John Houle: Senior Technical Consultant, PVC Pipe Industry
John Houle holds a Master’s Degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Missouri and an MBA from the University of Oregon. He has more than 25 years of experience in the plastic pipe industry in applications engineering, market development, forensic analysis, technical writing, and standards development.
The PVC Pipe Association has re-issued its “Tapping Guide.” The new guide includes additional diagrams and photos, as well as expanded text — all in a more logical, readable format.
Thrust forces are developed in a pressure pipe whenever there is a change in flow. When joint restraint is required to accommodate these forces, the most commonly used method is external joint-restraint devices. These devices have been used successfully on PVC pipe for more than 25 years.
Installation of PVC pipe into mechanical joint (MJ) appurtenances is a very common occurrence in North American municipal pressure pipelines. Problems with MJ connections can be minimized if proper installation techniques are used.
There are many different outside diameter (OD) types used for PVC pipe for various pressure and non-pressure applications. Not only are there several OD types, there are also associated abbreviations to add to the mix.
Uni-Bell has recently published a new document titled, Design and Installation Guide – PVC Fittings and Laterals for Solid-Wall PVC Sewer Pipe. The guide provides information on appropriate system design and proper installation of PVC fittings products where solid-wall PVC pipe is used in non-pressure applications.
The Ductile Iron Pipe Research Association promotes ductile iron as “stronger” than PVC. While it is true that side-by-side laboratory testing would give the nod to DI, laboratory strength does not always transfer to real life.
Water utilities have the choice of several materials for their pipe systems. For more than 60 years, PVC’s share of the municipal water market has increased steadily at the expense of iron and other pressure-pipe materials.
In piping systems, “permeation” is the movement of chemicals through a pipe wall or a gasketed joint. For potable water pipe, permeation is important because there may be adverse effects on the fluid inside the pipe.
The PE industry has developed a new pressure-pipe material that has been described as “high-strength.” Although the words “high-strength” sound reassuring, the reality is that pipe made from PE4710 is anything but.
Plastics have a material property that sets them apart from the traditional materials that most engineers studied in school. For traditional materials, there is no distinction between short-term loading and long-term loading – the material responds the same in either case. For plastics, however, there is a significant difference: plastics can handle much higher short-term loads than long-term.
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